BODY MECHANICS COURSE
PURPOSE OF BODY MECHANICS

To use the body in an efficient and safe way

  • Practice body mechanics at all times
  • EVERYONE should use – even patients and families
  • Protects employee and patient

BASIC RULES OF BODY MECHANICS

  • Assess the “job” to be done
  • Use wide base of support – feet 12” apart or at shoulder width
  • Use strong, large muscle groups, not back and arms
  • Use correct posture and body alignment – back straight, knees bent
  • Keep heavy objects close to the body
  • Never twist, turn, or pivot feet – face work
  • Push, slide, or pull heavy objects instead of lifting
  • Avoid sudden jerky motions
  • Use both hands when lifting
  • Team work – one leader who directs the group
  • Explain procedure to patient

ISSUES OF CONCERN

Legal

  • Must protect/safeguard patient
  • Skin abrasions are REPORTABLE!

Total quality improvement

  • Back issues
  • Patient safety

COMFORT MEASURES FOR LIFTING AND MOVING PATIENTS

  • Inform patient of what you are doing and why
  • Provide privacy
  • Position patient in good body alignment
  • Use pillows/foam pads to support and cushion patient and protect bony prominences
  • Protect ALL tubing
  • Do not slide or drag – friction, SKIN SHEARING, abrasions, tears

TRANSFERS

  • Bed to chair
  • Chair to bed
  • Always place chair on strong side


ASSISTIVE EQUIPMENT USED TO TRANSFER

  • Mechanical (Hoyer) lift
  • Trapeze – use arms
  • Slide board
  • Gait belt (transfer belt) – apply to waist, over clothing; check for belt tightness (two fingers; watch for proper
    placement

AMBULATION PROCEDURE

  • Dangle before ambulation
  • Ambulate with assistive devices – walker, cane, gait belt
  • Walker – advance walker, move weak leg, then strong leg
  • Cane – hold on strong side, move cane, then weak leg, then strong leg
  • Gait belt – stand slightly behind resident on the weaker side, grasping belt in mid-back

PREVENTION OF INJURY IF FALLS OCCUR

  • Protection of patient – Guide patient to the floor; Protect patient’s head; Keep firm grip on the gait belt
  • Protection of self – Keep back straight; Slide patient to floor using upper leg for support






Revised 12/5/2016
CLICK HERE TO TEST
This file is not intended to be viewed directly using a web browser. To create a viewable file, use the Preview in Browser or Publish to Aabaco Web Hosting commands from within SiteBuilder.